戒台寺抱塔松

树名:戒台寺抱塔松

名称:油松

科属:松科,松属

学名:Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.

树高260cm,胸径91.1 cm,

级别:一级

生长位置:门头沟区戒台寺

 

戒台寺抱塔松

  一株怪树南向横卧,越过围墙,紧紧抱住墙外的古塔,这就是有名的戒台寺抱塔松。古松为何要去抱塔?塔里埋葬着何方高僧?传辽代高僧法均一天云游至唐慧聚寺遗址,眼前断壁残垣,立下宏愿,率众弟子建坛传戒,戒坛寺(戒台寺)因以得名。民间说法均是普贤大师转世,他开坛演戒,不仅辽国,连北宋统治地区和外国信徒也来求戒进香。辽道宗皇帝高度赞扬法均“行高峰顶松干尺”。玉皇大帝也派遣一名龙孙来做他的护卫。龙孙便下凡化作青松,日夜守卫山门。大师讲法时,它也洗耳恭听,若有所悟。法均圆寂后,灵塔与龙孙仅一墙之隔。一天夜里,骤风暴雨,电闪雷鸣。突然一声霹雳,一个火球向墓塔袭来,龙孙倩急之中,舍生忘死,伸出双臂把塔护住,于是就成了今天这个模样。这是把怪松神化了。袍塔松的形成,应是寺僧长期定向培育的结果。

 

The Pagoda-holding Pine in Jietai Temple

Visitors to Jietai Temple often marvel at an incredible sight: a grotesquely-shaped pine tree extendssouthward,almost horizontally over the temple wall,as if to reach for the ancient pagoda standing

beyond.This is exactly the reputed Pagoda-holding Pine.Why does it want to reach for the pagoda?Who is the monk buried beneath the pagoda?Legend goes that, distinguished Monk Fajun of Liao

dynasty arrived one day at the ruin of Huiju Temple (built during Tang dynasty).He was saddenedby the depressing sight and swore to rebuild the temple so as to spread Buddhism,and the temple

hence got its present name.Acclaimed to be the reincarnation of Samantabhadra in folklores,Fayunwas such an eloquent speaker for Buddhist tenets that even believers in far away countries turned

to him to offer incenses and pray for blessing.The Jade Emperor in Heaven,moved by Fayun's

accomplishments,dispatched one of his grandsons to serve as his guardian.The grandson incarnatedhimself into the pine tree and dutifully guarded the temple.When Master Fayun delivered Buddhist

principles,he would also listen attentively and got enlightened.After the death of Fayun,he was

buried close to the pine under the pagoda.On a stormy night, a fireball from the sky hit the pagoda.The pine jumped up in desperation and spread his arms out to protect the pagoda,thus coming

into his present posture.However, this is but a myth,the true reason lies probably in the monks'painstaking efforts in shaping it to the present form.

 

 

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